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THESIS DEFENSE
PUERTAS VALDEZ
Julio Joshué
Thesis director:
MAON François
Jury member:
VAKKAYIL Jacob
How Non-Profit Organizations Deal with
Multiple Institutional Logics
The Case of CSR-Related Collaborative Projects Aimed
...
Table of content
• Introduction
• Institutional Logics
• Social Hybrid organizations
• Why is it relevant
• The interviews...
Introduction
Motivations
• Engineer
• Peruvian
• Invitation
• Paradox
Institutional logics
Institutional logics
• “are the formal and informal principles of action,
interaction, and interpretation that guide and
c...
Institutional logics
• “are the formal and informal principles of action,
interaction, and interpretation that guide and
c...
Strategic Responses to
Competing Institutional Logics
• Decoupling
Strategic Responses to
Competing Institutional Logics
• Decoupling
• Compromising
Strategic Responses to
Competing Institutional Logics
• Decoupling
• Compromising
• Combination
Strategic Responses to
Competing Institutional Logics
• Decoupling
• Compromising
• Combination
• Selective coupling
Social Hybrid
Organizations
Social Hybrid Organizations
“neither profit maximizers nor charities, neither
capitalists nor social activists, social bus...
Why is it relevant?
“
”
How do NGOs/NPOs - which aim at improving
social and/or environmental performance of
corporate actors through remunera...
“
”
-What is the nature of institutional logics characterizing these
NGOs/NPOs?
-What are the specific tensions generated ...
The interviews
• Methodology
• Analysis
• Limits of the research
The interviews
• Qualitative research
• Semi-structured interviews
• Sample
• Considerations
The interviews
• Qualitative research
• Semi-structured interviews
• Sample
• Considerations
Findings
The Competing Logics
Characteristics Social/environmental logic Commercial logic
Goal
-Improve the supply chain of the com...
Response Patterns
Social/environmental
and commercial logics
Goal
Impact
Collaboration /
Partnership
Organizational
form
L...
Identification of the response patterns
SOLIDARIDAD TFT
ELEMENTS Soc. / Env. Both Commercial Soc. / Env. Both Commercial
I...
Selective Coupling rather than
decoupling nor compromising
• “for hybrids, which are embedded in environments where the
sc...
Conclusions
Conclusions
• Social/environmental and commercial logis
• Selective coupling
• Not relevant strong tensions
• Collaboratio...
Conclusions
LIMITATIONS AND OPPORTUNITIES
FOR FUTURE RESEARCH
• “An important issue in case study research is
the degree to which find...
LIMITATIONS AND OPPORTUNITIES
FOR FUTURE RESEARCH
• “An important issue in case study research is
the degree to which find...
Questions?
Gracias!
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  1. 1. THESIS DEFENSE PUERTAS VALDEZ Julio Joshué Thesis director: MAON François Jury member: VAKKAYIL Jacob
  2. 2. How Non-Profit Organizations Deal with Multiple Institutional Logics The Case of CSR-Related Collaborative Projects Aimed at Improving Corporate Supply Chains
  3. 3. Table of content • Introduction • Institutional Logics • Social Hybrid organizations • Why is it relevant • The interviews • Findings • Conclusion
  4. 4. Introduction
  5. 5. Motivations • Engineer • Peruvian • Invitation • Paradox
  6. 6. Institutional logics
  7. 7. Institutional logics • “are the formal and informal principles of action, interaction, and interpretation that guide and constrain decision-makers in accomplishing the firm's tasks and in obtaining social status, credits, and rewards in the process.” (Ocasio, 1997, p.196) • “set of rules, premiums, and sanctions that men and women in a particular context create and re- create in such a way that their behavior and accompanying perspectives are to some extent regularized and predictable” (Jackall, 1988, p.112)
  8. 8. Institutional logics • “are the formal and informal principles of action, interaction, and interpretation that guide and constrain decision-makers in accomplishing the firm's tasks and in obtaining social status, credits, and rewards in the process.” (Ocasio, 1997, p.196) • “set of rules, premiums, and sanctions that men and women in a particular context create and re- create in such a way that their behavior and accompanying perspectives are to some extent regularized and predictable” (Jackall, 1988, p.112)
  9. 9. Strategic Responses to Competing Institutional Logics • Decoupling
  10. 10. Strategic Responses to Competing Institutional Logics • Decoupling • Compromising
  11. 11. Strategic Responses to Competing Institutional Logics • Decoupling • Compromising • Combination
  12. 12. Strategic Responses to Competing Institutional Logics • Decoupling • Compromising • Combination • Selective coupling
  13. 13. Social Hybrid Organizations
  14. 14. Social Hybrid Organizations “neither profit maximizers nor charities, neither capitalists nor social activists, social business hybrids primarily use commercial means to achieve a social or environmental mission and adopt different legal forms depending on their regulatory context” (Santos, Pache, and Birkholz, 2015, p.38)
  15. 15. Why is it relevant?
  16. 16. “ ” How do NGOs/NPOs - which aim at improving social and/or environmental performance of corporate actors through remunerated “contractual work/formal collaboration” - solve tensions linked to the multiple institutional logics they face? Research Question
  17. 17. “ ” -What is the nature of institutional logics characterizing these NGOs/NPOs? -What are the specific tensions generated by these multiple institutional logics? -How do they handle these tensions? -What are the advantages and limitations of such partnerships to improve social and environmental performance in global supply chains? -Due to the multiple logics these organizations face, is there any dominant logic? Underlying questions
  18. 18. The interviews • Methodology • Analysis • Limits of the research
  19. 19. The interviews • Qualitative research • Semi-structured interviews • Sample • Considerations
  20. 20. The interviews • Qualitative research • Semi-structured interviews • Sample • Considerations
  21. 21. Findings
  22. 22. The Competing Logics Characteristics Social/environmental logic Commercial logic Goal -Improve the supply chain of the companies in order to minimize the impact on the society/environment and create sustainability -Offer services to companies to generate income Organizational form -Non-profit form is legitimate because it helps to focus in the improvement of the supply chain of companies and create sustainability -For-profit form is legitimate because it helps to give the necessary resources to continue operating Governance mechanism -Horizontal management helps take into account social/environmental needs -Hierarchical management ensures that the different locations are aligned to the goals enacted by the CEO and/or founder(s) -Monitoring strategy and operations Professional legitimacy -Professional legitimacy is driven by contribution to the social/environmental mission -Professional legitimacy is guided by technical and managerial expertise
  23. 23. Response Patterns Social/environmental and commercial logics Goal Impact Collaboration / Partnership Organizational form Legal Status and Profit destination Ownership Control Negotiation Management Professional legitimacy Staff background
  24. 24. Identification of the response patterns SOLIDARIDAD TFT ELEMENTS Soc. / Env. Both Commercial Soc. / Env. Both Commercial Impact X X Collaboration / Partnership X X Legal Status and Profit destination X X Ownership X X Negotiation X X Management X X Staff background X X TOTAL 4 2 1 4 2 1
  25. 25. Selective Coupling rather than decoupling nor compromising • “for hybrids, which are embedded in environments where the scrutiny of institutional referents is hard to avoid, selective coupling appears to be a safer and thus more viable strategy than decoupling, because it does not put them at risk of being caught faking compliance” (Pache and Santos, 2013, p.994)
  26. 26. Conclusions
  27. 27. Conclusions • Social/environmental and commercial logis • Selective coupling • Not relevant strong tensions • Collaboration = impact. • Not maximize $ € • Limitations: law, government, human capital factor and physical presence • Dominant logic
  28. 28. Conclusions
  29. 29. LIMITATIONS AND OPPORTUNITIES FOR FUTURE RESEARCH • “An important issue in case study research is the degree to which findings are generalizable to a broader population” (Pache and Santos, 2013, p.996). • Place of the interviews • More people, possible pattern. • Hierarchical level • Test questionnaire • Future
  30. 30. LIMITATIONS AND OPPORTUNITIES FOR FUTURE RESEARCH • “An important issue in case study research is the degree to which findings are generalizable to a broader population” (Pache and Santos, 2013, p.996). • Place of the interviews • More people, possible pattern. • Hierarchical level • Test questionnaire • Future
  31. 31. Questions?
  32. 32. Gracias!
  • ShannonRodriguez19

    Nov. 28, 2021

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