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This explains the origin of PLM, its need and its future

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Plm overview

  1. 1. Product Lifecycle Management By Srinivasan V Mudaliar November 26, 2012
  2. 2. What is a Product? To understand PLM, you need to first understand definition of Product and the challenges associated with getting one to the market place. A good, idea, method, information, object or service created as a result of a process and serves a need or satisfies a want. It has combination of tangible and intangible attributes (benefits, features, functions, uses) that seller offers a buyer for purchase. @ http://www.businessdictionary.com Examples of Products:-
  3. 3. Typical Product lifecycle Diagram
  4. 4. What is PLM ? PLM is a tool that helps to manage both product data and product development process. PLM Software's vision is to enable a world where organizations and their partners collaborate through global innovation networks to deliver world- class products and services, allowing them to deal swiftly with emerging risks and opportunities. PLM integrates and manage processes, applications, and information that define products across multiple systems and media. Any organizations in a global market place strives:  To reduce Product costs  To attain better Quality  To reduce/improve “time-to-market”  To attain Product Differentiation
  5. 5. Origin of PLM – Concepts of Engineering Drawing and PDM TCS - Confidential November 26, 2012 Page : 5
  6. 6. Origin of PLM – Concept of BOM TCS - Confidential November 26, 2012 Page : 6
  7. 7. Why PLM? In Industries the Most Common Problems are - • Ensuring everyone works to the correct revision level • Distribution of drawings • Time to implement an engineering change • Time to access drawings • Control of variants/configurations • Exchange of drawings with suppliers/customers • Revising paper based drawings Only 20% of Design Data is Geometry though the other 80% applies to it
  8. 8. Pre-PLM Scenario (Source - http://www.engineerlive.com)
  9. 9. Post-PLM Scenario (Source - http://gol10dr.squarespace.com/blog/tag/data-management)
  10. 10. Business Benefits of PLM • To help win more business • To build, store and share valuable information • To control the explosion of digital information • Provides data control and integrity • Aid in concurrent engineering • Speed up product development • Enable a virtual product development team • Provide accountability
  11. 11. PDM Functions IMAN User Functions:  Data Vault and Document Management  Workflow and Process Management  Product Structure Management  Classification Utility Functions :  Communication and Notification  Image Services  Data Access Control
  12. 12. Data Vault and Document Management IMAN The vault is a data store that contains some data within itself and controls other externally generated data by managing access to it. It is used for logical grouping of the data. Types of Data stored in Vault -  Product data e.q. Cad Model Files, CAE Data, Operating Manuals etc.  Data about PDM controlled information.
  13. 13. Data Vault and Document Management  Secure and Control Storage  Check-in and Check-out provide information Access  Release Management ensures data Consistency  All the history is stored for future reference  Non-electronic data can be managed  The user need not know where data are stored
  14. 14. Workflow and Process Management  The business processes in the organization can be mapped into PDM system using workflow (Life cycles).  Business process rules/constraints can be incorporated into the Life Cycles.
  15. 15. Workflow and Process Management Submitter User 1 User Group User 3
  16. 16. Workflow Benefits  Managed Electronic Review and Approval  Saves Time through Automatic Routing  Prioritizes Tasks  Provides Management Reports  Identifies Bottlenecks  Drives the Business Pro-actively
  17. 17. Change Management The Institute of Configuration Management defines CMII as configuration management integrated with project management and quality assurance. Change Items: Change items are the objects, these correspond to documents and other components used in CMII model. Problem Report - Defines a problem or an enhancement. Change Request - Initiates a proposal that recommends a change and captures business decisions associated with the change. Change Notice - Change notice provides a detailed work plan to resolve a set of requests.
  18. 18. Change Management – Change Items A single change notice may logically group and address issues identified in multiple change requests. A single change request in turn responsible for multiple problem reports.
  19. 19. Change Management – Sample Scenario Requestor Administrator & Requestor Analyst of PR Analyst of CR Review Board Requestor of CN Analyst Implementation Board Administrator Analyst Administrator or Analyst & Analyst 
  20. 20. Product Structure Management It facilitates the creation and management of the Product Configurations and Bill of Materials. PDM system tracks the version, effectivity and Design Variations of the Product Configurations.  As Different disciplines requires the unique views of the product information, PDM system can show the different views of the product. e.q. Design View, Manufacturing view, Finance View  Data can be transferred to ERP and SCM packages eq. BOM
  21. 21. Product Structure Management Consistency problems: • Several Output Formats from July 1, '96 0815 /A • Different kinds of views (BOM types) until Oct. 17, '96 Car • Generic Configuration from Oct. 17, '96 • Variant Structure 0900 /A 0816 /A 0817 /B 0818 /A Chassis Chassis Engine Gearing new 0819 /A 0820 /C 0821 /A Bearing Toothing Case Box 0822 /A 0823 /B Upper Lower Case side Case side
  22. 22. Classification Classification of parts allows similar and standard parts, processes and other design information to be grouped by common attributes and retrieved for use in products. Benefits  Similar parts and designs are found very easily.  Part Family hierarchies provide organized access to existing designs.
  23. 23. Communication and Notification It involves the automatic notification of the critical events. Also the event itself triggers the notification. In some cases it acts as the security feature. E.q. Design is approved, The particular product is released
  24. 24. Image Services  Images are stored and accessed like any other data  Viewing and markup provide enhanced checking  Image services enhance productivity of Engineering Change Requests.
  25. 25. Data Access Control  Mainly for Security Involves: Mapping of the business rules into the PDM system.
  26. 26. Distributed PDM Sites Share information across enterprise DB1 IDSM DB2 Site 2 IDSM Site 1 DB4 DB3 IDSM Site 3
  27. 27. Key PLM Solutions and Vendors
  28. 28. Technologies involved in PLM  Database - Oracle, Sybase, Informix, SQL Server etc.  Front end - X-windows, MS-windows etc, Web Browsers.  Networked system enabling communication between hosts i.e. Unix systems, Windows-NT, Apple MacOS, Sun Solaris etc.  Most of the PLM software's are moving towards using J2EE web technologies to allow easy of configuration and maintenance
  29. 29. PLM Usage in Industries and key Users Aerospace Automotive PLM in Industries Manufacturing Retail
  30. 30. Where PLM fits into the organization ? PRODUCT PLM FACTORY SCM CRM ERP VENDOR CUSTOMER BI E- Business
  31. 31. Data Sharing between PLM and Other Enterprise Systems Commercial and logistics data Part Costs, Lead Times, Stock MCAD Purchasing Classi. Inventory Master ECAD Sched. SCM PLM ERP Shop NC Sched. Doc. Sales Mgt. CAE Others Engineering and Technical Data, Part Bills, changes
  32. 32. Future of PLM Past Present Future • PDM • PIM • Mobile • CAT • Enterprise • Social Integration Integration • Open • PLM • Open Source Technology
  33. 33. Thank You
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This explains the origin of PLM, its need and its future

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