PERFORMANCE REVIEW 2022
Photo: John Yngvar Larsson
Since 1992, the OECD has conducted more than 100 Environmental Performance Reviews (EPRs).
Nearly all OECD countries have been reviewed three times. Norway conducted three EPRs in 1993, 2001 and 2011.
Encourage performance improvement and policy reforms
through benchmarking and cross-country comparison
Encourage peer learning through the exchange
of best practices
Spark national debate on environmental goals
and how to best achieve them
The EPRs encourage gradual convergence towards the best performing countries.
Peer reviews, where each country’s policy is examined by fellow members on an equal basis,
have been used at the OECD for more than 50 years. Norway’s economic, fiscal, social and
environmental performance has also been analysed in many sectoral studies and territorial reviews.
PEER REVIEWS TERRITORIAL REVIEWS
The OECD promotes a whole-of-government approach
drawing on a broad range of expertise.
The Economic Benefits
of Air Quality Improvements
in Arctic Council Countries
OECD Development Co‑operation Peer Reviews
The Development Assistance Committee: Enabling effective development
OECD Territorial Reviews
Northern Sparsely Populated
OECD Economic Surveys
Consult this publication on line at https://doi.org/10.1787/c217a266-en.
This work is published on the OECD iLibrary, which gathers all OECD books, periodicals and statistical databases.
Visit www.oecd-ilibrary.org for more information.
OECD Economic Surveys
Wellbeing in Norway is high; GDP per capita is among the top-ranking countries and the country scores well
in measures of inclusiveness. Several challenges must be addressed, however, if this good standing is to be
sustained. The economy is vulnerable to trade risks. Also, though property markets and related credit appear
to be heading for a soft landing, risks remain. Norway has substantial opportunities for more effective public
spending remain, and exploiting these will become more important as fiscal space narrows. Productivity growth
remains low, requiring attention to business policy.
Employment rates among young and middle age cohorts have declined, and despite some positive trends
many among older cohorts retire early. This is eroding Norway’s otherwise good record of strong labour supply
and socio-economic inclusiveness through jobs. Chapter 2 of this Survey looks at this, and other aspects
of Norway’s labour market. Policy issues covered include sick leave compensation and disability benefit,
the old-age pension’s role in early retirement, education and skills, and immigrant integration.
SPECIAL FEATURE: EMPLOYMENT
The forth Environmental Performance Review of Norway assesses the country’s progress towards sustainable
development and green growth, with a focus on sustainable land management and its impacts on biodiversity, nature
and climate change. It evaluates Norway’s track-record against its national and international environmental objectives.
Provide an independent, facts-based analysis
of Norway’s environmental performance
BEST PRACTICES & LESSONS LEARNED
Identify success stories, good practices and challenges.
How could good practices be scaled up? What lessons
can be learned from other countries or regions?
Provide cross-country comparisons. How does Norway
perform compared to other OECD countries?
The review provides targeted policy recommendations.
Source: Kartverket / Kommunal- og moderniseringsdepartementet
KEY ANALYTICAL QUESTIONS
Have they been clearly
defined? Are they based
on an analysis of costs
and benefits? Are they
What has been done to
reach the objectives?
Was it the most
efficient and effective
way to get there?
Within the context of Norway’s historical environmental record, natural resource
endowment, economic and social conditions and in comparison with other countries.
Flexible content responding to specific needs
Tailored and targeted policy recommendations
Access to data
CHAPTER 1 CHAPTER 2
This topic was selected by the Norwegian authorities in
consultation with the OECD Secretariat.
ASSESSMENT & RECOMMENDATIONS
ACTIONS TAKEN TO IMPLEMENT 2011 REVIEW RECOMMENDATIONS
AND RESULTS ACHIEVED
Towards green, inclusive growth Sustainable land use
The first chapter is streamlined across all reports. It includes a
summary of key trends and an assessment of the environmental
effectiveness and economic efficiency of the policy mix, including fiscal
and economic instruments, regulatory and voluntary instruments.
Main findings and policy recommendations in each area covered by the review. This section is approved by consensus with OECD countries.
The review provides an overview of key environmental trends and of Norway’s
progress towards achieving national and international environmental targets.
Waste and materials
GREEN, INCLUSIVE GROWTH
How does Norway mobilise
investment for a green,
low-carbon and circular economy?
How well do businesses comply
with environmental regulations?
How green is Norway’s tax system?
Are there subsidies and incentives
that are harmful to the environment?
The review identifies opportunities for
improving policy implementation, effectiveness and coherence.
POLICY MIX & COHERENCE
Are objectives clearly defined?
Which are the trade-offs and synergies
between environmental, economic
and social goals and policies?
How does Norway measure
progress in aligned policymaking?
How green and inclusive is Norway's
recovery from the Covid-19 pandemic?
to discuss main
at high level
Dec Feb Mar/Apr
week of 16
VIRTUAL REVIEW MISSION
The OECD review team will meet with government and non-government stakeholders
for an open dialogue and discussion on Norway’s environmental performance in the last decade.
This will complement collected information and provide the basis for the drafting of the review.
What has worked well and why? What has not
worked so well and why? What are priority
areas for improvement?
What lessons can be learned for the future?
What do the national and local governments,
businesses and civil society need to do to
improve Norway’s environmental performance?
The review mission will gather examples of success stories, best practices,
challenges and identify potential recommendations.
20-24 September 2021
The review draws on a large variety of information sources and diversity of viewpoints.
Central government Departments and agencies in
charge of environmental policy-
making and implementation
OECD REVIEW TEAM
Head of Division, ENV/EPI
EPR Programme Manager
Senior Policy Analyst
Sustainable land use
Green, inclusive growth