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Autocad training report

  1. 1. Industrial Training Report on “AUTOCAD” Affiliated to GGSIPU In partial fulfillment of the requirements for the award of the degree of Bachelor of Technology In Mechatronics Engineering By NITISH KUMAR Batch (2015-2019) Submitted to Mrs. Charu Gaur DEPARTMENT OF MECHATRONICS ENGINEERING DELHI INSTITUTE OF TOOL ENGINEERING OKHLA PHASE-2, NEW DELHI
  2. 2. DECLARATION I, Nitish Kumar, student of B.Tech (Mechatronics) hereby declare that the Industrial Training Report titled “AutoCAD” which is submitted by me to Department of Mechatronics Engineering, Delhi Institute of Tool Engineering, IP University Okhla, New Delhi has not been previously formed the basis for the award of any degree, diploma or other similar title or recognition. New Delhi Date Name of Student NITISH KUMAR (00370208416)
  3. 3. CERTIFICATE On the basis of Industrial Training Report submitted by Nitish Kumar, student of B.Tech (Mechatronics), I hereby certify that the Training Report Entitled “AutoCAD” which is submitted by me to Department of Mechatronics Engineering, Delhi Institute of Tool Engineering, IP University, Okhla, New Delhi in partial fulfillment of requirement for the award of the degree of Bachelor of Technology in “Mechatronics Engineering” is an original contribution with existing knowledge and faithful record of work carried out by him under my guidance and supervision. To the best of my knowledge this work has not been submitted in part or full for any Degree or Diploma to this University or elsewhere. New Delhi Date (Head of Department) (Faculty Guide) Dr. Narayan Aggarwal Mrs. Charu Gaur (Supervisor) Department of Mechatronics Asst. Professor Delhi Institute of Tool Engineering Department of Mechatronics Okhla Phase-2, New Delhi Delhi Institute of Tool Engineering Okhla Phase-2, New Delhi
  4. 4. ACKNOWLEDGMENT I would like to thank Dr. Narayan Aggarwal (Head of Department), Delhi Institute of Tool Engineering, Okhla Phase-2, New Delhi for giving me this opportunity to learn and enhance my soft skills. Sincere regards and thanks to Mrs. Charu Gaur Assistant Professor, Delhi institute of Tool Engineering, Okhla, New Delhi -110019, who gave me constant motivation for enhancing my knowledge and skills. Deepest gratitude to my course coordinator Mr. Yuvraj, who was always available to me for any query regarding my Industrial Training. I express my sincere gratitude to SOFCON INDIA PVT. LTD., for having opened up the avenues to undertake this CAD training. I also express my heartfelt thanks to my Head of Departments Mr. Azam Khan for motivating and supporting me in the course of AutoCAD. He has been an immediate mentor & is easily approachable, and a very useful resource of knowledge in the field of mechanical engineering. He has pushed me to think out-of-the-box and encouraged me to explore related areas of study. I acknowledge with gratitude the help extended by the staff at the training center, including Human Resource Department, for providing me an opportunity to join them for a problem accessing visit. I hope that my Training Report will reflect my Technical knowledge and innovations, which I gained at Sofcon India Pvt. Ltd., NSP, New Delhi.
  5. 5. ABSTRACT Software trainingis one of the requirements to be fulfilledinorder to obtain the Bachelor’s degree in technology. Each student needs to do software training in a recognized company of their respective domain. The students are compulsory to do training for duration of 1 monthswhichisintendedfor theirexposure to the software industry. A well planned, properly executed and evaluated software training helps a lot in developing a professional attitude. It develops an awareness of software approach to problem solving, based on a broad understanding of processes. Besides software training build self confidence among students and let students know the technical knowledge and professionalism. During industrial training at AUTODESK, most of the theoretical knowledge gained during the course of studies was put to test. Various efforts and processes involved in designingof a component was studied and understood during the training. In our training, I undertook courses of AutoCAD. The training gave me good experience from the view of implementing my theoretical knowledge in practical aspects. It gave me firsthand experience of working as an engineering professional. It helped me in improving my technical, interpersonal and communication skills, both oral and written. Overall, it is a great experience to have industrial training in such a reputed firm and I believe that it will help me in building a successful career.
  7. 7. INTRODUCTION Industrial Training in CADD Includes several modules and combination of packages like AutoCAD, SolidWorks, CATIA, PTC Creo, Siemens NX CAD/CAM etc. Different CAD Software Tool When we think of Computer Aided Design and Drafting (CADD), certain questions arise that we never thinkof whileworking on the drawing board. We do not use the essential drawing board tools: paper, pencil, T-square, compass, eraser or scale, yet still have to d e s i g n or make a drawing. When even one of these tools is missing, we know how aggravating it can be. With CADD we don’t need even one of them. Computer-aided design (CAD) is the use of computer systems to assist in the creation, modification, analysis, or optimization of a design. CAD software is used to increase the productivity of the designer, improve the quality of design, improve communications through documentation, and to create a database for manufacturing. CAD output is often in the form of electronic files for print, machining, or other manufacturing operations. Computer-aided design is used in many fields. Its use in designing electronic systems is known as electronic design automation, or EDA. In mechanical design it is known as mechanical design automation (MDA) or computer-aided design (CAD), which includes the process of creating a technical drawingwiththe use of computer software. CAD software for mechanical designuses either vector-based graphicsto depict the objects of traditionaldrafting,or mayalso produce raster graphics showingthe overall appearance of designed objects. However, itinvolvesmorethan just shapes. As in the manual d r a f t i n g o f t e c h n i c a l a n d engineering drawings, the output of CAD must convey information, such as materials, processes, dimensions, and tolerances, according to application-specific conventions. CAD may be used to design curves and figures in two-dimensional (2D) space; or curves, surfaces, and solids in three-dimensional (3D) space. CAD is an important industrial art extensively used in
  8. 8. many applications, including automotive, shipbuilding, and aerospace industries, industrial and architectural design, prosthetics, and many more. CAD is also widely used to produce computer animationforspecial effects in movies, advertisingandtechnical manuals,often calledDCC digital content creation. OVERVIEW Starting around the mid-1970s as computer aided design systems began to provide more capability than just an ability to reproduce manual drafting with electronic drafting, the cost for companies to switch to CAD became apparent. The benefit of CAD systems over manual drafting are the capabilities one often takes for granted from computer systems today; automated generation of Bill of Material, auto layout in integrated circuits, interference checking, and many others. Eventually CAD provided thedesigner withthe abilityto perform engineeringcalculations. During this transition, calculations were still performed either by hand or by those individuals that could run computer programs. CAD was a revolutionary change inthe engineeringindustry, where draftsmen, designers and engineering roles begin to merge. It did not eliminate departments, as much as It merged departments and empowered draftsman, designers and engineers. CAD is just another example of the pervasive effect computers were beginning to have onindustry. CAD is used in the design of tools and machinery and in the drafting and design of all types of buildings, from small residential types (houses) to t h e largest commercial andindustrial structures (hospitals and factories). CAD is mainly used for detailed engineering of 3D models and/or 2D drawings of physical components, but it is also used throughout the engineeringprocess from conceptual design and layout of products, throughstrengthanddynamicanalysisof assembliesto d e f i n i t i o n of manufacturing methods of components. It can also be used to design objects. Furthermore, many CAD applications now offer advanced rendering and animation capabilities so engineers can better visualize their product designs. 4D BIM is a type of virtual construction engineering simulation incorporating time or schedule related information for project management. CAD has become an especially important technology within the scope of computer-aided technologies, withbenefits such as lower product development costs and a greatly shortened design cycle. CAD enables designers to layout and develop work on screen, print it out and save it for future editing, saving time on their drawings.
  9. 9. APPLICATIONS Computer-aided design is one of the many tools used by engineers and designers and is used in many ways depending on the profession of the user and the type of software inquestion. CAD is one part of the whole Digital Product Development (DPD) activity within the Product Lifecycle Management (PLM) processes, and as such is used together with other tools, which are either integrated modules or stand-alone products, such as:  Computer-aided engineering (CAE) and Finite element analysis (FEA).  Computer-aided manufacturing (CAM) including instructions to Computer Numerical Control (CNC) machines.  Photo realistic rendering and MotionSimulation.  Document management and revision control usingProduct Data Management (PDM). CAD is also used for the accurate creation of photo simulations that are often required in the preparation of EnvironmentalImpact Reports, inwhichcomputer-aided designsof intendedbuildings are superimposed intophotographs of existingenvironments to represent what that locale willbe like, where the proposed facilities are allowed to be built. Potential blockage of view corridors and shadow studies are also frequently analyzed through the use of CAD. CAD has been proven to be useful toe n g i n e e r s as well. Usingfourproperties whichare history, features, parameterization, and high-level constraints. The construction history can be used to look back into the model's personal features and work on the single area rather than the whole model. Parameters and constraints can be used to determine the size, shape, and other properties of the different modeling elements. The features in the CAD system can be used for the variety of tools for measurement such as tensile strength, yieldstrength, electrical or electro-magnetic properties. Also, its stress, strain, timingor how the element gets affected in certain temperatures, etc.
  10. 10. INTRODUCTION TO AUTOCAD AutoCAD isthe combination of two words Auto + CAD. The word Auto stands for name of the firms that is Autodesk and CADD is stands for feature of the software that is Computer Aided Designing & Drafting. AutoCAD is a commercial software applicationfor 2D and 3D computer-aided design(CAD) and drafting — available since 1982 as a desktop application and since 2010 as a mobile web- and cloud-based app marketed as AutoCAD360. Developed and marketed by Autodesk, Inc., AutoCAD was first released in December 1982, running on microcomputers with internal controllers. Prior to the introduction of AutoCAD, most commercial CAD programs ran on mainframe computers or minicomputers, with each CAD operator (user) working at a separate graphics terminal. ABOUT THE SOFTWARE AutoCAD is a commercial computer-aided design (CAD) and drafting software application. Developed and marketed by Autodesk, AutoCAD was first released in December 1982 as a desktop app running on microcomputers with internal graphics controllers. Before AutoCAD was introduced, most commercial CAD programs ran on mainframe computers or minicomputers, with each CAD operator (user) working at a separate graphics terminal. Since 2010, AutoCAD was released as a mobile- and web app as well, marketed as AutoCAD 360.
  11. 11. FEATURES OF AUTOCAD  Language Auto CAD and AutoCAD LT are available for English, German, French, Italian, Spanish, Korean, Chinese Simplified, Chinese Traditional, Brazilian Portuguese, Russian, Czech, Polish and Hungarian.  Compatibility with other software ESRI ArcMap 10 permits export as AutoCAD drawing files. Civil 3D permits export as AutoCAD objects and as LandXML. Third-party file converters exist for specific formats such as Bentley MX GENIO Extension, PISTE Extension (France), ISYBAU (Germany), OKSTRA and Microdrainage (UK): also, conversion of .pdf files is feasible, however, the accuracy of the results may be unpredictable or distorted.  Design Design is the method of representing the surface of an object on a plane or a combination of plane, in short total surface generation with or without dimensional & geometric constraints.
  12. 12. WORKING ENVIRONMENT OF AUTOCAD In this we are able to start the application, activate the appropriate workspace, and identify key parts of the interface. The following image identifies key interface elements: AutoCAD Window FUNCTIONS USED  Mouse Functions 1. Left click – selection  click + drag from right to left (green selection)  click + drag from left to right (blue selection)
  13. 13. 2. Scroll wheel forward scroll - zoom in backward scroll - zoom out 3. Click+hold +drag - move/pan 4. Double click - fit to screen 5. Right click -shortcut toolbar  Keyboard function It has mainly 3 Basic keys. They are 1. Enter to activate any command 2. Spacebar to activate any command 3. Escape to deactivate any command Other than these three functions, there are other functions which are used by keyboard in AutoCAD. They are F1 - Help F2 -Library F3 -Object Snap (On/0ff) F4 -3d Object Snap (On/0ff) F5 -Isoplane (Top/Right/Left) F6 - Dynamic UCS (On/Off) F7 - Grid (On/Off) F8 -Ortho (On/Off) F9 -Snap (On/Off) F10 -Polar Tracking (On/Off) F11 -Object Snap (On/Off) F12 -Dynamic Input (On/Off)
  14. 14. Tools Used in AutoCAD: Tools are mainly used for creating, modifying and providing dimensions to the drawing. There are mainly three types of tools used in AutoCAD. They are 1. Drawing Tools These tools are also called the basic tools of AutoCAD. These are used to create objects such as lines, circles, arcs, rectangles, and polygons. These are also used to erase objects. The drawing tool available in AutoCAD are Circle - C Enter Rectangle - Rec Enter Line - L Enter Polyline - Pl Enter Spline - Spl Enter Arc -Arc Enter Polygon -Pol Enter Ray - Ray Enter Multiline - Ml Enter Ellipse - El Enter Some of the Drawing Tools and how they are used are shown here Line Command  Used to create linesin the drawing. Command Line: Line, L Ribbon: Home tab > Draw panel > Line
  15. 15. Circle Command  Use the Circle command to createcircles in the drawing. Command Line: CIRCLE, C Menu Bar: Draw > Circle > choose option Ribbon: Home tab > Draw panel > Circle Circle Commands Circle in Menu Bar Arc Command  Use the Arc command to create arcs in the drawing. Command Line: ARC, A Menu Bar: Draw > Arc > 3 Points Ribbon: Home tab > Draw panel > Arc Arc in Menu Bar Erase Command  Use the Erase command to erase objects inthe drawing. Command Line: ERASE, E Menu Bar: Modify > Erase Ribbon: Home tab > Modify panel > Erase Erase in AutoCAD
  16. 16.  Use the Undo and Redo commands to return to previous drawing states. Command Line: U, UNDO Menu Bar: Edit > Undo Quick Access Toolbar: Undo Command Line: REDO Menu Bar: Edit > Redo Quick Access Toolbar: Redo Figure63. Undo and Redo  Use the Rectangle command to create rectangles in the drawing. Command Line: RECTANGLE, REC Menu Bar: Draw > Rectangle Ribbon: Home tab > Draw panel > Rectangle  Use the Polygon command to create equal-sided polygons in the drawing. Command Line: POLYGON, POL Menu Bar: Draw > Polygon Ribbon: Home tab > extended Draw panel > Polygon Rectangle Polygon
  17. 17. Modification Tools Editing objects is a common part of all design tasks. In this we make modifications as a result of a design change or in the process of creating more complex objects. Modification Tools used in AutoCAD are Move -M Enter Copy -Co Enter Trim -Tr Enter Extend -Ex Enter Join -J Enter Explode -X Enter Hatch -H Enter Array -Ar Enter Scale -Sc Enter Rotate -Ro Mirror -Mi Fillet -F Chamfer -Cha Centre line -Cl Offset -O Units -Un
  18. 18. Some of the Modification Tools and how they are used are shown here MOVING OBJECTS Command Line: MOVE, M Ribbon: Home tab > Modify Panel > Move Move Icon Move Example COPYING OBJECTS Ribbon: Draw tab > Modify panel > Copy Command Line: COPY, CO Menu Bar: Modify > Copy Shortcut Menu: Select objects then right-click anywhere in the drawing window and select Copy. Copy Icon Copy Example
  19. 19. ROTATINGOBJECTS Command Line: ROTATE, RO Ribbon: Home tab > Modify panel > Rotate Rotate Icon Rotating Object MIRRORING OBJECTS Command Line: MIRROR, MI Ribbon: Home tab > Modify panel > Mirror Mirror Icon SCALING OBJECTS Command Line: SCALE, SC Ribbon: Home tab > Modify panel > Scale Mirroring Object Scaling Object
  20. 20. CREATING AN ARRAY OFOBJECTS Command Line: ARRAY, AR Ribbon: Home tab > Modify panel >Array Array Icon Figure 75. Use of ARRAY TRIMMING OBJECTS Trim Icon Trimming Object Command Line: TRIM, TR Ribbon: Home tab > Modify panel > Trim
  21. 21. OFFSETTING OBJECTS Command Line: OFFSET, O Ribbon: Home tab > Modify panel > Offset Offset Icon Use of Offset CREATINGFILLETS Original objects Fillet radius nonzero Fillet radius zero Command Line: FILLET, F Ribbon: Home tab > Modify panel > Fillet CREATINGCHAMFERS Command Line: CHAMFER, CHA Ribbon: Home tab > Modify panel > Chamfer Chamfer Icon
  22. 22. Annotation Tool In this we use dimensions on drawings to convey size and specifications. Most drawings are not complete until you have added dimensions. When dimensioning a drawing, we need to consider the final output scale of the drawing, the placement of dimensions, and how the dimensions should appear. In this we learn how to create, edit, edit text objects, scale text and manage dimensions ina typical design environment. I)Text DT Enter (Text) MT Enter (Mtext) Objectives  Use the MText command to create multiline text.  Create singleline text.  Use different methods to edit text.  Create text styles to manage text. II) Dimension DIM Enter (Dimension) DLI Enter (Dimension Linear) DAN Enter (Dimension Angular) DAL Enter (Dimension Aligned) DST Enter (Dimension Styles) DDI Enter (Dimension Diameter) Objectives  Create dimensions.  Use dimension styles to managedimensions.  Create and edit multileader styles and multileader.  Use different commands and methods to edit dimensions
  23. 23. DIMENTIONING It can be considered to understand the process of dimensioning in AutoCAD. Multiline Text Multiline Text Command Line: MTEXT, MT, T Ribbon: Annotate tab > Text panel > Multiline Text Ribbon: Home tab > Annotation panel > Multiline Text Menu Bar: Draw > Text > Multiline Text
  24. 24. HATCHING OBJECTS We can use hatch patterns and gradient fillson the drawing to bring focus or call attention to certain areas. Once we have created hatch patterns and fills,we can edit them using similarmethod. Hatching Command Line: HATCH, H Ribbon: Home tab > Draw panel > Hatch Hatching Icon Point 1: Select the closed loop or profile where you need hatching Point2: You can select type of Hatching Point 3: You can increase or decrease the gap between hatching by scale changing. Point 4: From preview tab you can watch hatch preview.
  25. 25. Types of Drawings available in AutoCAD  2D  2.5D or Isometric  3D Isometric Drawings Isometric Projection Is A Method For Visually Representing Three-Dimensional Objects In Two Dimensions In Technical And Engineering Drawings. It Is An Axonometric Projection In Which The Three Coordinate Axes Appear Equally Foreshortened And The Angle Between Any Two Of Them Is 120 Degrees. Core Concepts 1.Switch On F5 For Switching Views 2.Ds Enter - Select Isometric Snap 3.F8 Ortho Always On 3D In 3d Computer Graphics, 3d dimensional Modeling) Is The Process Of Developing A Mathematical Representation Of Any Surface Of An Object (Either Inanimate Or Living) In Three Dimensions Via Specialized Software. The Product Is Called A 3d Model. Someone Who Works With 3d Models May Be Referred To As A 3d Artist. It Can Be Displayed As A Two-Dimensional Image Through A Process Called 3d Rendering Or Used In A Computer Simulation Of Physical Phenomena. The Model Can Also Be Physically Created Using 3d Printing devices.
  26. 26. Types Of Workspace Available 1.Drafting And Annotation Workspace 2.3D Basics 3.3D Modeling Primitive Solids Box Cylinder Cone
  27. 27. Sphere Pyramid Wedge Toros Polysolid Solid Edit Face Extrude Move Rotate Offset Taper Delete Copy Color Material Undo Exit 2. Edge Copy Color Undo Exit 3. Body Imprint Separte Shell Clean Check Undo Exit Some Other Shortcuts 1.Trim (Delete Intersecting Objects) 2.Enter To Activate Previous Command 3 Align ( To Align ) 4.Shift + Right Click ( Snap Setting) 5 union -( To Join 3d Things) 6. Presspull (To Edit A 2D Face To 3D.
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This is AutoCAD training report.


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